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One Nation, Two States! Azerbaijan former president, the late Heydar Aliyev as expressed in the words, and these words that summarize the relations between Turkey and Azerbaijan, the same language between the two countries, sharing the same culture, the same feeling of pain and joys, the same date witnessing the most open expression of feelings that come with being short, folks It appears as. The relations between Turkey and Azerbaijan, perhaps in the world in a way that can not be between two other countries rather than commercial interests are shaped by a sense of brotherhood in the first degree. The most concrete example of why the Nagorno-Karabakh issue with Turkey's possible to see as unilateral embargo on Armenia since 1993. From time to time, unlike Azerbaijan, Turkey, Turkish citizens visa exemption application or desired level of understanding on issues such as Cyprus / agreement in this case does not appear in the media oluşamas size can not be resolved within the scope of bilateral relations. The relations between Turkey and Azerbaijan is very versatile and very thorough. The deepening and enhancement of these relations is not only for these countries in general; It will also affect the multi-dimensional development of the serhat provinces consisting of Kars, Ağrı, Ardahan and Iğdır. Because most culturally Serhat region of Azerbaijan in Turkey, is the region which has historical and commercial ties. The contribution of big projects such as the Kars-Tbilisi-Baku railway in the formation of these ties is quite high. In this respect, the symbolic meaning of the Consulate General of Azerbaijan in Kars and the deputy consulate in Iğdır is very important. This report aims to introduce Azerbaijan, which is a very important country for the Serhat region, to which we are affiliated with brotherly ties, and to contribute to the deepening and enhancement of multi-dimensional relations by revealing the changes and opportunities it has experienced in recent years.


Ilham Aliyev, Azerbaijani politician, fourth and current President of Azerbaijan since 2003. He is the son of former President Heydar Aliyev. He is also the Chairman of the New Azerbaijan Party.

Azerbaycan Milli MarşıArtist Name
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Azerbaijan-Turkey relations, Turkey and provides ongoing international policies of Azerbaijan. Shared history and history of relations between Turkey and Azerbaijan has been amicable. Turkey has supported Azerbaijan in the Nagorno-Karabakh War. Azerbaijan also supports Turkey in addition to thorny issues.

December 10, 2020, a protocol that allows mutual visits of citizens to travel to the identity of the Republic of Turkey and Azerbaijan were signed.




Turkey-Azerbaijan relations are multi-dimensional nature and the different aspects as to have depth. One of the important aspects of this multidimensionality is bilateral economic relations. Although the mutual investments and bilateral trade volume in bilateral economic relations are not at the desired level, it is possible to talk about a significant increase compared to the provincial years of independence. Turkey's non-oil sector in Azerbaijan, while Azerbaijan's investments in the energy sector in Turkey is emphasized in particular by the two countries, officials and experts. With the strategic partnership and mutual aid agreement signed between the two countries, bilateral relations have moved to a different dimension in the economic field as in all other fields. In this study, the legal infrastructure of economic relations, the functionality of important structures in terms of bilateral economic relations, data on bilateral trade, mutual investments and similar issues have been tried to be analyzed, and the subject of energy, which will be the subject of a special study, is mentioned in a more limited way.

The Unforgettable Pain "Khojaly Massacre"


Azerbaijan History

Azerbaijan, in the scene of history BC. It begins to be seen from the 6th century. Due to its geopolitical situation, it has been invaded continuously and remained under the domination of various states. The first state established in this region was the kingdom founded by the Achaemenid Commander Sahrap Atropates. The name of the Kingdom of Atropates changed over time, and it was named Azurbeycan by the Sassanids and Azerbaigan by the Assyrians.

Turks and Iranians gave the region the name Azerbaijan.

After the Kingdom of Atropetes, the Seleucids, Armenians, Romans and Sassanids dominated the region respectively. Turks settled here in the 4th and 5th centuries AD. Later, the Sassanid ruler Nushirevan followed the policy of settling Iranians in the region. The Islamic state, which started to grow in the seventh century, started to conquer Azerbaijan. This conquest movement was completed in 643, when the region was completely under Muslim control. Later, the Abbasids ruled this place through Turkish orders. With the collapse of the Abbasid State, some local dynasties established principalities in these lands. Seljuk Raiders entered Azerbaijan from the seventh century. But they could not establish a definite dominance here. After 1015-1016 Oğuz tribes started to settle here. Although Tuğrul Bey sent his uncle and uncle to conquest here in 1043, no results could be obtained from the prolonged clashes with the Byzantines. It was during the reign of Sultan Alparslan that Azerbaijan came under definite Seljuk rule.

Azerbaijan's location

Azerbaijan came under the rule of Atabegs and Khwarezmhs between the 12th and 13th centuries. Later, the Mongols began to enter the area in 1320. The rule of Genghis lasted for a short time. After the death of Genghis, Azerbaijan was invaded by the Cuci nation. After them, Azerbaijan came under the domination of the Iranians, after a while, it came under the rule of the Golden Horde State. These invasions continued until the first half of the sixteenth century. The first Ottoman expedition to Azerbaijan started in the 16th century. Although Yavuz Sultan Selim Khan conquered Tabriz in 1514 during his wars with the Safavids, the city was again captured by the Safavids. In 1534, Suleiman the Magnificent Khan conquered Tabriz and conquered all of Azerbaijan the following year. As a result of the turmoil in 1555, Azerbaijan was again attached to the Safavids. During the reign of Sultan Murad III, it was again captured by the Ottomans.

Various khanates were established in Azerbaijan after 1539. Confusion in these; It continued until the 19th century. Although some development movements started in this century, their results were only seen at the beginning of the 20th century.

Finally, on April 28, 1920, the Soviet regime was declared by the invasion of the red army. Until Azerbaijan reached its current status, it was administered as a Caucasus federation together with Georgians-Armenians.

On December 5, 1936, some of its lands were given to Armenians and some to Georgians. Thus, three republics affiliated to Russia, Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan, were established on the territory of Azerbaijan, which remained in the Caucasus.

During the invasion of the communists, corrupt ideas began to settle among the nation. Meanwhile, reformist ideas that destroyed Islam developed. The nation was surprised by these reformists and communists, and the uprisings against communism began. However, these were suppressed each time very bloody by the red army. There have been 56 violent revolts against communists. With the Glasnost and Prestroika policy that started in Russia in 1989, a return to material and moral values began in Northern Azerbaijan. There were riots to take back the territories given to the Armenians. The Red Army, who entered the Azerbaijan Republic, which declared its independence in 1990, smeared the country completely with blood. Although the Soviet Union continued its pressure against their republics, which were trying to declare their independence for a while, Azerbaijan, Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania declared their independence in August 1991. Other Turkish states followed them. The war between Azerbaijan and Armenia over Karabakh continues. The leader of the People's Front, Abulfeyz Elchibey, who won the elections held in mid-1992, became the head of state.

Republic of Azerbaijan

In the last period of the Soviet Union, the claim of the Armenian Soviet Republic in Nagorno-Karabakh of the Azerbaijan Soviet Republic led to ethnic conflicts and under these complex conditions Azerbaijan declared its independence on October 18, 1991. Ayaz Mutallibov, the Secretary General of the Azerbaijan Communist Party, who was in power during this period, became the first president of the independent republic, but was forced to resign after the Khojaly Massacre in Nagorno-Karabakh in March 1992. The cities of Shusha and Lachin were occupied by the Armenian armed forces.

Geography of Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan is located in the geographical region between 39 ° 24 'north latitudes and 44 ° 46' east longitudes. The length of the borders is 2013 km. Azerbaijan, Iran 611 km and 9 km with Turkey, 284 km with Russia, there are 322 km and 787 km border with Armenia with Georgia. It is surrounded by the Caspian Sea to the east. The Great Caucasus, whose peaks are over 5000 meters and covered with glaciers, significantly disrupt land travel. The area of Azerbaijan is 86,600 km².

There are mountain masses of Armenia in the south and the high Caucasus Mountains in the north. Mountains of Azerbaijan; Bazardüzü (4.466 m), Şahdağ (4.243 m), Pazaryurdu (4.126 m), Tufan (4.191 m), Yardag (4.116 m), Ragdan (4.020 m) mountains located within the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range, Kapıcık (3.906 m.), Gazangeldağ (3.829 m), Biçenek Overrun (2.346 m), Delidağı (3.616 m) in the Karabakh Volcanic Plateau, Kamışdağ (3.724 m) in the Murovdağ range, Hinal mountain (3.367 m) within the Lesser Caucasus Range. , Kepez (3.066 m), Büyük Işıklı (3.550 m) located in the Zengezur Mountain Range, Kömürköy (2.493 m.) And Kızyurdu (2.433 m), located in the Talish Mountain range. Azerbaijan is 657 meters above sea level and the majority of its lands are mountainous areas. Azerbaijan's longest river is the Kura River, which flows into the Caspian Sea for 1,364 km. Aras River is 1.072 km long.

The largest natural lake is Sarısu Lake with 67.0 km². The largest artificial lake is Mingeçevir Dam Lake with its 605.0 km².

Although it is surrounded by mountains and high hills, a large part of Azerbaijan is a plain and among the most fertile places of its land is the delta where the Kura and Aras rivers mix.

Azerbaijan has a temperate climate, but inland from the Caspian Sea, it is faced with a harsh climate in the high mountains and other high parts. In higher areas, winters are long, cold and snowy, and summers are cool. In the plains, winters are cool and rainy and sometimes snowy, and summers are hot and dry.

The country of Azerbaijan is generally steppe in the plains, and 25% is covered with forests, some of which are in the mountains. In the northern and southern parts, forests can be seen up to 2000 meters high in the mountains. Animals mostly found in the natural life of Azerbaijan, red deer, fallow deer, roe deer, mountain goat, carrot, bison, wild boar, leopard, Eurasian lynx, wild cat, brown bear, wolf, red fox, mountain mouse, squirrel, Caucasian mole Caucasian sharp-nosed rat.

The Azerbaijani climate has 9 of the 11 climate types in the world. Its annual average temperature is over 10 ° C.

Azerbaijan Physical Structure

More than 40% of Azerbaijan's land consists of fertile plains. More than half of these areas are 400-1500 m high. The northern part of its land is covered with the Caucasus Mountains, which exceed 3000 meters in places. These mountains also form the northern border of the country. The highest point of Azerbaijan is Banardüz Hill (4480 m). In the southwestern part, the Lesser Caucasus is located.

Rivers such as Kızılören reaching the Caspian Sea, Acıçay and Cıgatu reaching to Urmiye Lake have given the region a striking appearance by breaking the mountainous masses with deep valleys. Located at an altitude of 1566 m in the southwest, Urmiye Lake is between the Little Caucasus Mountains. Part of the Caspian Sea, the largest lake in the world, remains within the borders of Azerbaijan.

Administrative Regions of Azerbaijan

More than 40% of Azerbaijan's land consists of fertile plains. More than half of these areas are 400-1500 m high. The northern part of its land is covered with the Caucasus Mountains, which exceed 3000 meters in places. These mountains also form the northern border of the country. The highest point of Azerbaijan is Banardüz Hill (4480 m). In the southwestern part, the Lesser Caucasus is located.

Rivers such as Kızılören reaching the Caspian Sea, Acıçay and Cıgatu reaching to Urmiye Lake have given the region a striking appearance by breaking the mountainous masses with deep valleys. Located at an altitude of 1566 m in the southwest, Urmiye Lake is between the Little Caucasus Mountains. Part of the Caspian Sea, the largest lake in the world, remains within the borders of Azerbaijan.

Azerbaijan Economy

  • The economy of Azerbaijan, of which 7% of its land is suitable for agriculture, is based on oil. It is among the major oil producing countries of the world. Most of the oil wells have been collected on the Apsheron Peninsula. The extracted oil is transferred to Chernagorod, near Baku, for processing by pipes. In addition, Baku is connected to Batumi via an 890 kilometer pipeline. After oil, the most important source of income is natural gas.

    Energy, manufacturing and chemical industry form the basis of the industry of Azerbaijan, which shows a great variety. Fertilizer, pesticides, fuel, industrial oils, artificial rubber and plastic industries have developed.

    One of the most important products it exports to abroad is oil exploration and extraction machines. It sells some of the electricity it obtains from thermal power plants.

    Important industrial centers are concentrated in Apsheron on the Caspian Sea coast. Sungait is the center of the chemical and iron and steel industry. Agriculture-based industry has developed in Şirvan and it is the center of cotton production with many ginning factories.

    The world-famous and Russian caviar, sturgeon caviar is produced only in Azerbaijan. Most of the product obtained is exported.

    After gaining its independence in 1991 , economic declines occurred especially in the first years of the transition period, and it remained dependent on Manat as its currency. However, Azerbaijan has fertile agricultural lands and rich resources of natural gas , oil and iron ore. Crude oil production reached 600,000 barrels per day in 2006.

    Natural gas production was 11 billion cubic meters in 1991. It is claimed that the total natural gas reserves are 2 trillion m³ and the oil reserves are 8 billion barrels {fact}. In addition, there is also light industry such as petrochemical, food, clothing.

  • It is a country with high tourism potential.

  • Banking and insurance show a development process.

  • Its most important export is oil.

  • The first cable car was put into service in Balaken in 2007.

Azerbaijan-Turkey Relations

Atatürk: "Azerbaijan's joy is our joy, its sorrow is our sorrow."
Ataturk: "We are going to the place where the sun rises" (he told the city of Nakhchivan). "
Mehmet Emin Resulzad: "The flag that rises once, it will not come down again".

Heydar Aliyev: "We are one nation, two states."

Abulfaz Elchibey: "Two brothers set up separate states where it has been seen side by side. We must unite as soon as Azerbaijan and Turkey."

Ilham Aliyev: "One nation cannot have two diaspores"

These words of statesmen explained the depth of the bond between countries.

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