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Tajikistan, officially the Republic of Tajikistan, is a landlocked country in Central Asia with an area of 143,100 km2 and an estimated population of 9,537,645. Its neighbors are Afghanistan in the south, Uzbekistan in the west, Kyrgyzstan in the north and China in the east. The official language is Tajik, the mother tongue of Tajiks, the largest ethnic group.

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İmamali Rahman former name İmamali Şerifoviç Rahmanov, president of Tajikistan since 1992. He is also the leader of the People's Democratic Party of Tajikistan. In the early years of his presidency, he faced a civil war that killed 100,000 people. In 2006, he started his third term in office

The Republic of Tajikistan is located in the southeast of Central Asia. It borders Uzbekistan to the west, Kyrgyzstan to the north, China to the east and Afghanistan to the south. It is surrounded by mountains ranging in height from 300 meters to 7495 meters. The highest mountain formation is the Pamir mountains. Tajikistan has no sea coast. It is the smallest state in Central Asia in terms of the area it covers. Its area is 143,100 km².




Turkey has recognized Tajikistan's independence on December 16, 1991. Diplomatic relations were established between the two countries on 29 January 1992. Our Embassy was opened on 4 August 1992 and Tajikistan's Embassy in Ankara was opened on 16 October 1995. Our Embassy continued to serve during the civil war in Tajikistan between 1992-1997. The trade volume between Tajikistan and Turkey grew during 1999-2006 is more than 20 times, but rose to $ 189.9 million.

Weaving industry products, electrical machinery and devices, chemicals, food products, ready-to-wear materials, plastic products, furniture, paper and cardboard products are the leading goods exported to Tajikistan. Among the goods imported from Tajikistan, there are colored metals, scrap of yarn and cotton, leather and by-products. Turkish companies operate in various fields in Tajikistan, mainly in the construction field.

One of the most important events in 17 years while Tajikistan-Turkey relations is Tajik President Rakhmonov's visit to Turkey in 2006. As a result of the negotiations, six separate agreements were signed between the two countries for the development of commercial and economic relations and tourism activities. Thus, the framework of the 'Trade and Economic Cooperation Treaties', which was signed between the two countries and entered into force in 1993 and 2002, was expanded.


Tajiks or Tajikistan are not Turkish. Tajiks are a direct descendant of the Iranian people who have existed in Central Asia and Northern Afghanistan since the millennium BC. The ancestors of Tajiks formed the core of the ancient Khwarezmshah and Bactria population, which included part of Transoxiana (Sogdia). Tajiks were later incorporated into the empires of Persians and Alexander the Great. Later AD 1-6. In the centuries, they lived together with invaders such as the Kuşan Empire and the White Hun Empire. The eastern Iranian dialect used by the ancient Tajiks gradually gave way to Farsi (Persian), a western dialect spoken in Iran and Afghanistan.

The Arab conquest of Central Asia, which began in the middle of the 7th century, brought Islam to the region. But tribal strife weakened the Arabs, and with the rise of the Samanids (819-999), Tajiks came under the rule of an Iranian dynasty. The first powerful Turkish warriors from the northeast captured this Transoxiana in 999, and as both conquered and conquered Muslims, over time many Tajiks - especially those in the Seyhun (Siriderya) and Ceyhun (Amuderya) valleys - began to become Turks. This place, which used to be entirely Iranian territory, has turned into "Turkistan". The name Tajik, originally given to the Arabs by the local population, was used by Turkish warriors and feudal lords to describe the settled population speaking Iranian languages.

Until the middle of the 7th century, Tajiks were part of the Emirate of Bukhara, but later Afghans captured the lands in the south and southwest of Amuderia with the Tajik population, including the city of Balkh, an ancient Tajik cultural center. Beginning with the Russian Revolution in 1917, Soviet Russians captured the city of Turkestan, where the majority of Tajiks lived, and later cities such as Bukhara.

Republic of Tajikistan

A Turkish state located in Central Asia. To the north is the Russian Federation, the Ural Mountains and Southern Siberia, to the east, Mongolia and East Turkistan, to the south, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Aladag, Tanrı Mountains and Aral Lake, and to the west the Caspian Sea. The east and west borders are 3000 km, and the north and south borders are 1500 km.

Geography of Tajikistan

TAJIKISTAN Physical Structure

Tajikistan has a continental climate with hot summers and cold winters. It receives more rainfall than some of its Central Asian neighbors due to its high altitudes and can therefore be said to be semi-arid. Of course, everything turns to the poles at the peaks of the Pamir mountains.

The highest temperature ever recorded was 48 ° C in Nizhniy Pyandzh on the Afghanistan-Tajikistan border. The lowest temperatures were recorded in the eastern Pamir Mountains with -63 ° C.

TAJIKISTAN Population and Social Life

Tajikistan's total population is about 8 million. 80% of the population consists of ethnic Tajiks, a Persian-speaking people (unlike the former Soviet republics of Central Asia, which speak the Turkic language). 15.3% of the remaining population is Uzbek . The remainder is comprised of Russians, Kyrgyz and Pashtuns, Germans and other small minority groups, about 1% each.

Tajikistan is a linguistically complex country. The official language is Tajik, a form of Persian (Persian). Russian is still widely used.

Additionally, ethnic minorities such as Uzbek, Pashtu and Kyrgyz speak their own language. Finally, small groups in the remote mountains speak languages different from Tajik, but they all belong to the Southeast Iranian language group. Among these are the Yaghnobi language spoken by only 12,000 people around Shughni in Eastern Tajikistan and the city of Zarafshan in the Kizilkum Desert.

Tajikistan Economy

The economy of Turkmenistan is mainly based on agriculture and oil and natural gas. Turkmenistan has the fourth largest natural gas reserves in the world and is one of the 10 largest cotton producers in the world. Turkmenistan is one of the fastest growing economies in the world today.

After Saparmurat Niyazov became president, water, natural gas, electricity and salt, which have been given to the public free of charge since 1991, started to be charged as of January 1, 2019 with a decree issued by Kurbankul Berdimuhammedov in parallel with the decline in the level of welfare.

TAJIKISTAN Turkey Relations

The country has an economy based on agriculture

Tajikistan is one of the poorest among the former Soviet republics, with an estimated GDP of $ 998 for 2019. Officially, the unemployment rate is only 2.2%. However, while more than 1 million Tajik citizens work in Russia, Tajikistan has a local workforce of 2.1 million. Approximately 53% of the population lives below the poverty line.

Approximately 50% of the workforce works in agriculture; Tajikistan's largest export product is cotton, and most of its cotton production is controlled by the government. In addition to grapes and other fruits, grains are also produced on the farms and animal husbandry is done. Tajikistan has become a large repository for Afghan drugs such as heroin and raw opium, which travel to Russia and provide illicit income.

Tajikistan's currency has the name Somoni (TJS). As of November 2019, the exchange rate is 9.7 salmon for 1 US dollar.

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